April is, of course, the best month to plant potatoes, and the main harvest should be in the ground between April 1 and mid-May. I always put mine on the floor on Good Friday.
The time to plant your early varieties depends almost entirely on where you are. In the south it can be in mid-March and in the north, the first week of April.
Furthermore, site selection will to some extent govern the date of the first planting. Planting on a warm edge two weeks earlier is safer than planting outdoors, a fact that is often overlooked.
Opinions vary as to the best planting method, but there is no doubt that the most popular method is by far the worst, that is, that of diners for planting tubers.
The best method is to place the tubers in special trenches, and if the soil is heavy, lighten it by placing a layer of mold at the bottom of the trench.
Another good method, provided the soil has been excavated in the winter, is to dig the soil again, moving the line and planting as the excavation work progresses.
A good depth for planting potatoes is four inches deep on heavy soils and five inches deep on lighter soils.
It can be said here that if the tubers have sprouted, it is better to remove the weak sprouts and leave only two stronger ones left.
Many tubers that are purchased are above normal size, you should not hesitate to cut them in half, leaving at least one good strong sprout. However, there is a danger of an attack by soil pests when doing this.
To stop the damage caused by the eel worm and the wireworm to cut the tubers, it is a good idea to rub old soot and lime on the wound.
Do not put artificial manure in the soil at this time, it is better to wait until all plants show leaves.
On poor soils two bandages can be made, one when the plant is approximately two inches high and the second when the leaf is approximately five inches high. In good soil, a dressing will suffice.
As for the planting distance, it is best to make the rows two feet apart for the first early potatoes and ten inches in a row; two and a half feet between the second early varieties and one foot of tuber in tuber.
The strong and growing main crop needs more space, and to give them the opportunity to do their best, it is advisable to leave a patio between the rows, with fifteen inches of tuber to tuber in the row itself.
Some producers may think that these distances are much more than they can pay, however, the experience gained over many years will show that they will have distant returns. Tubers may “breathe” than in overcrowded rows.
There is still a question to answer and that is; It is worth growing potatoes on a small plot, because they are very cheap in stores.
Well, my answer to that is that; Potatoes fit in crop rotation and are very good for the soil. So grow them, even if they are just your first potatoes.